Two blockhouses stand at opposite corners of the stockade. Rotchev House , located in the northwest area of the fort, was where Alexander Rotchev, the last manager of Fort Ross, lived with his family. In Ivan Kuskov and his crew explored Bodega Bay; soon thereafter Kuskov traveled 45 miles up the Russian River which he named the Slavianka in search of a site suitable for settlement. The supporting cribbing is covered in the rendition, and the proportions are noticeably different. A trained scientist and competent graphic artist, Voznesenskii was sent by the Imperial Academy of Sciences to explore and investigate Russian America. The presumed founder was Peter Kostromitinov.
Read this to your employees in your group in the classroom and bring this information with you to Fort Ross. The Company controlled all Russian exploration, trade, and settlement in North America and included permanent outposts in the Kurile Islands, the Aleutian Islands, Alaska, and a brief settlement in Hawaii. Trade was vital to Russian outposts in Alaska, where long winters exhausted supplies and the settlements could not grow enough food to support themselves. Baranov directed his chief deputy, Ivan Alexandrovich Kuskov, to establish a colony in California as a food source for Alaska and to hunt profitable sea otters. After several reconnaissance missions, Kuskov arrived at Ross in March of with a party of 25 Russians, many of them craftsmen, and 80 native Alaskans from Kodiak and the Aleutian Islands. After negotiating with the Kashia Pomo people who inhabited the area, Kuskov began construction of the fort.
In the centuries that followed the discovery of America, European expansion into the Western Hemisphere reached a scale that changed the world. The voyages to the New World undertaken by the Atlantic powers of Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries are generally well known, as are the explorations and settlement of Europeans in North America during the 18th and 19th centuries. About the same time that English colonists first settled along the Atlantic seaboard, Russian explorers, trappers, and settlers pushed east into Siberia and in reached the Pacific Ocean. In two arduous voyages, Vitus Bering and Alexei Chirikov, under commission of the Russian Crown, sailed through the area now called the Bering Strait in , and in discovered the Aleutian Islands and the mainland of Alaska, both of which they claimed for Russia. From the s to the end of the century, over forty Russian merchants and companies sponsored voyages to the Aleutians and the Alaskan mainland.
It was the hub of the southernmost Russian settlements in North America from to Beginning with Columbus in , the Spanish presence in the Western Hemisphere like most other European exploration and colonization traveled west across the Atlantic Ocean , then around or across the Americas to reach the Pacific Ocean. The Russian expansion , however, moved east across Siberia and the northern Pacific. In the early nineteenth century, Spanish and Russian expansion met along the coast of Spanish Alta California , with Russia pushing south and Spain pushing north. By that time, British and American fur trade companies had also established a coastal presence, in the Pacific Northwest , and Mexico was soon to gain independence. This settlement [Ross] has been organized through the initiative of the Company.